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Hemp or Industrial Hemp is a species of the Cannabis Sativa Plant and is a distant cousin to the Marijuana species of Cannabis Sativa. Hemp carries large amounts of Cannabidiol (CBD), which is non-psychoactive and offers many health benefits and minimal amounts of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which must be < 0.3% to be federally legal. The Marijuana plant has high THC and low CBD. This higher level of THC is psychoactive and is responsible for the "head high" associated with Marijuana. Hemp also contains other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and antioxidants.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in Hemp. CBD is the most abundant. Other cannabinoids also present are THC <0.3%, CBG, CBC, CBN, CBDA, CBDV, THCA, and THCV, each offering their own health benefits.
Terpenes are another chemical compound in Hemp which gives the plant its' aroma. They are also found in every living plant and tree. Terpenes contribute greatly to enhance the body's own Endocannabinoid System to maintain balance.
The ECS is a receptor system in the body that runs along biochemical pathways, like the Central Nervous System, to maintain homeostasis or balance. It is like the Internet of the body with many communication pathways. Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids produced by the body (Anandamide and 2-AG) as needed to help keep internal functions running smoothly.
They are receptors found throughout the body and are like a gate or door on a cell that receives signals and initiates a response. The two main receptors are CB1 (found mostly in the Central Nervous System, the brain and spinal cord) and CB2 (found in the Peripheral Nervous System, mainly in the Immune System and Gastrointestinal Tract).
Endocannabinoids can bind to either CB1 or CB2 receptors, and the effects are dependent on where the receptor is located and what the imbalance is. For Example: if you burn or injure your finger, the signal travels up the spinal cord to the brain and tells you it hurts. The body then initiates an inflammatory response to try to heal the damaged tissue causing redness and swelling. Endocannabinoids are immediately produced and bind to CB1 receptors to decrease the pain response and CB2 receptors in the immune system to decrease the inflammatory response.
CBD doesn't directly interact with the Endocannabinoid Receptors, but it increases the benefits of other cannabinoids (CBG, CBN, CBC, etc.) at these receptors and also increases the production of our endocannabinoids and inhibits their breakdown. This contributes to a return to homeostasis or stability of the internal environment.
CBD assists the ECS in maintaining homeostasis, energy, stress reduction, and immunity. There is substantial evidence that CBD decreases chronic pain, inflammatory conditions (arthritis, IBS, MS), neuropathy, cancer pain, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, PTSD, and seizures.
Absolutely. CBD is safe and well-tolerated. It is non-psychoactive, so it can't get you high. It is non-toxic, and there is no lethal dose. High Benefits and Low Risk.
Full Spectrum products utilize the whole plant (CBD, THC, other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, antioxidants). The Entourage Effect is all these compounds working synergistically together to enhance the health benefits in the ECS. The effects are 2-4 times more potent than an isolate product, so the effective dose is lower. Broad Spectrum products also use the whole plant, but the THC is stripped out. Isolates contain only CBD, no THC.
Drug Screens usually test for THC metabolites, not CBD. Using an Isolate product that contains only CBD is safe for drug tests. A Full Spectrum product has a minimal amount of THC (< 0.3%) and will not get you high, but if used consistently, it may result in a cumulative effect of THC metabolites so that a trace amount may be present in a drug screen. A Broad Spectrum product has 0.00% THC, so metabolites should not test positive, but that is not 100% guaranteed. Those in jobs with the DOT (FAA, FDA, FMCSA, USCG, PRA, PMSA) and Federal Government positions should only use Isolate CBD Products to rule out any risk of a positive drug screen.